Rio de Janeiro is renowned for the beauty of its beaches and mountains, but the Cidade Maravilhosa’s man-made structures are as eye-catching as its natural features. For that reason, UNESCO recently designated Rio its first World Capital of Architecture, honoring a city that boasts such landmarks as the stained glass–domed Royal Portuguese Cabinet of Reading, the fairy-tale Ilha Fiscal palace, and the uber-modern Niterói Contemporary Art Museum (pictured).
“Rio is an old city by New World standards, having been founded in the mid–16th century,” says architectural photographer Andrew Prokos, who took this shot. “So the city has many layers of architectural styles, from Colonial and Rococo to Art Nouveau, Modernist, Brutalist, and contemporary.” In the case of this museum, which was designed by perhaps Brazil’s greatest architect, Pritzker Prize winner Oscar Niemeyer, Prokos was intrigued by how the 24-year-old building interacts with its surroundings. “The upward slope of the museum complements the slope of the Pão de Açúcar across the bay,” he says, “so the two are speaking to each other from across the water.”
Rio’s newly recognized architecture is one of Hemispheres’ “20 Reasons to Travel in 2020.” To read about the other 19 click here.